Interview with Security Researcher Arthur Garipov

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On the current nullcon convention, E-Hacking Information had the prospect to interview Arthur Garipov, Senior Analysis Specialist at Constructive Applied sciences, who introduced his analysis on "Drone and IoT Hacking" on the convention.

How and when did you begin taking curiosity in computer systems and Cyber safety?

I had curiosity in computer systems from faculty time, however sadly, I could not get entry to the know-how for a very long time. I purchased my first pc, once I was 20 years previous, in the course of the second yr of College.

What's your school main?

I did arithmetic in College. About 20 specialists in yearly has graduated from this Division, however most of them do not proceed profession on this subject. At greatest, they begin working as programmers. However, for my part, cyber safety is definitely pure math. That is fairly wonderful subject of analysis and capability improvement actions.

What qualities do you assume are essential to work in cyber safety area?

So, individuals ought to have applicable mentality to interact in a cyber safety. For instance, in case you are fascinating in one thing, making an attempt totally different approaches, considering " is that basically so?" and checking it out, you are able to do this job nice. That is all.

Inform us about your present and former expertise within the pc subject

About two and half years in the past I began work in "Constructive applied sciences", which is main international supplier of enterprise safety options, and I am nonetheless working there. Earlier than that I lived and labored in Ufa (the capital metropolis of the Republic of Bashkortostan), the place I completed the Ufa State Aviation Technical College. Earlier than present job I had several types of job. I additionally labored as a software program developer at OZNA.

You gave a superb speak on "Drone Hijacking and different IoT hacking with GNU Radio and SDR", How a lot time you spent on this analysis?

Properly, it is arduous to inform.. I acquired inquisitive about researches within the area of wi-fi applied sciences and Telecom one and half years in the past.

At first, I discovered concerning the SDR and GNURADIO units. Then I began to get extra particulars about drones. On the time, there was analysis on mouse and keyboard. After studying the analysis, i came upon that the identical sort of chip is utilized in drones. Fortunately, i had a whole lot of free time to do analysis on this. Presently, i'm doing analysis in IOT and Telecom.

Are you able to share probably the most fascinating analysis which you probably did in Telecom subject ?

I had expertise in analysis on "Hacker SIM Card" and the way it works. Briefly, that is particular sim. Whenever you put it in telephone, you'll be able to set any cellular quantity which you need and make a name to any person. The individual on the opposite finish will see the spoofed quantity. This is just one perform of "Hacker SIM Card". This analysis was very straightforward for our staff. We instantly understood the way it works.

How did the work in "Constructive applied sciences" make it easier to in your analysis? And the way did your analysis affected the work?

The corporate, the place I am working now, is in reality that staff can conduct analysis, can do self-improvement, furthermore, staff begin be motivational and be in search of new alternatives.

Initially, at work I confronted the problem of understanding how wi-fi protocols works. I began research and did analysis on the topic. I used to be fascinated with Drones, which may be referred to as "life hack". Additional, it was the rationale for a brand new competitors at PHDays, the place anybody can take management of the quadcopter Syma X5C. I want to add, that I am an organizer of the MiTM Cellular contest and hands-on lab at PHDays 5 and PHDays 6.

With regard to second query, researches give us the chance to audit utterly. We've got a small group, respectively, which is ready to hack utilizing totally different strategies. Because of this we will make full analysis. So, we're checking the weak spot and inaccuracies, discovering method to clear up this drawback, and eventually appearing! It is how we work!

Now's the age of sensible issues. What do you consider it? Is it hazard?

The hazard is that within the trendy world wi-fi units are taking fairly successful. The hacking of "the digital mind" of the drone is feasible, I confirmed this in my presentation on the convention and in addition demonstrated evidences.

For instance, the system of "Sensible home" designed on the identical know-how because the drone. Simply think about that your gadget will be capable of management by somebody outdoors. On this case there are alternative ways of hacking, together with wi-fi. Hacker have the power to show off all digital locks, hearth system and so forth..

And one other instance, individuals often assume that automotive alarms might help to stop automotive theft. However they're flawed. Sadly, typically this "safety" answer may assist hackers to steal the automotive. For example, some alarms with GSM modules might permit hackers to ship an exploit to hack the automotive. Simply consider it, you solely want some particular information to unlock the automotive door. So, it was additionally fascinating analysis for me, if return to the earlier query.

What's your touch upon Cyber safety in Russia?

It's relying up on the place. Cyber Safety in Moscow could be very superior. Somewhere else, it's growing quickly. Furthermore, in Russia there are numerous certified professionals on this area.

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